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Chinese Medicine Times

Information Sources on Veterinary Acupuncture

by Phil Rogers

Issue 1 [] discussed Training In Animal Acupuncture. The article concluded that "Any dedicated and educated person can study the principles and practice of human acupuncture to the deepest level in many top class colleges, and supplement that by home-study of animal acupuncture and/or by attendance at animal acupuncture courses designed for non-vets. At present there are few of those courses. The main unanswered question is: can well-trained animal acupuncturists who are not vets practice their preferred profession legally and independently? At present, the answer is no in most countries. However, with the support of sympathetic friends, clients and supporters in the media, they have the option of lobbying for legislative change. I also believe that, in correctly diagnosed cases that are suitable for acupuncture, some non-vet animal acupuncturists could be far better therapists than many vets. I would support a change in the law to allow highly qualified non-vet animal acupuncturists to practise independently, provided that they notify the animal owner's vet in each case."

In this issue we will discuss where people - vets or non-vets - can source information on Vet acupuncture. As discussed in Issue 1, the main information sources relate to human AP. One must have deep familiarity with human acupuncture principles to practice to acupuncture effectively in animals.

The main information sources include:

(A) Textbooks;
(B) Vet AP Societies and Training Courses;
(C) Professional Email Discussion Lists;
(D) AP / TCM Journals;
(E) Free Online Databases;
(F) Commercial Online Databases [annual subscription needed], and
(G) WWW.

(A) Textbooks

(1) Human AP Textbooks: There are hundreds of textbooks on different styles of human AP – classical Channel AP, Microsystems AP (Ear, Scalp, Nose, Forehead, KHA (Korean Hand AP), Foot Zone AP, Wrist-Ankle AP, etc), New & Strange Points, etc [].

(1) Vet AP Textbooks: Basic veterinary texts recommended are:

Application of Tui-Na in Veterinary Medicine

Acupuncture Diagnosis & Treatment of Equine: A Five Element Tutorial, 4th Ed; Order c/o Brett Cain +1-859-384-8004, email

Demontoy A
Acupuncture Veterinaire Chez Le Chien

FAO (1990)
Handbook of Chinese Veterinary Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Bangkok, FAO Regional Office for Asia & the Pacific. 193pp.

Giniaux D (1996)
What the Horses have told Me. Translated by Jean-Claude Racinet, Xenophon Press, 1772 Middlehurst Road, Cleveland Heights, OH 44118-1648, ISBN 0-933316-07-0; email:

Guray JY & van den Bosch E (2002)
Praxis der Pferdeakupunktur (Practical Equine AP) 127pp, ISBN 3-8304-9013-5

Janssens LAA (1984)
Atlas of the AP points & Meridians in the dog (c/o Oudestraat 37, Wilrijk 2610, Antwerp, Belgium).,92,44,&prod=3623&mode=proddetail

Klide A & Kung SH (1977)
Veterinary Acupuncture

Kothbauer, O (1999)
Veterinary Acupuncture: Basic Principles & Their Clinical Applications with Ear Acupuncture on Cattle & Some References to the Horse, Zweimuhlen Verlag Munich 1999 1st Edition, Paperback/Softcover 280pp ISBN 3853392105

Lindley Samantha & Cummings Mike (2006)
Essentials of Western Veterinary Acupuncture

Rathgeber Rhonda
Understanding Equine Acupuncture

Schoen AM (2001)
Veterinary Acupuncture, Ancient Art to Modern Medicine, 2nd Edition, St. Louis: Mosby

Still, J. (1991)
Research in Veterinary Acupuncture, 138pp.

Thoresen, A
Holistic Veterinary Medicine: A version adapted for the web

van den Bosch E & Guray JY (1995)
Acupuncture Points and Meridians in the Horse; email:

Westermayer E (1977)
Atlas der Akupunktur des Rindes (Atlas of acupuncture for cattle) & Atlas der Akupunktur des Pferdes (Atlas of acupuncture for horses). WBV Biologisch-Medizinische Verlagsgesellschaft, mbH & Co. KG, Schorndorf, Germany

Westermayer E (1977)
The Treatment of Horses by Acupuncture

White Sheila (1984)
Electroacupuncture in veterinary medicine: an original translation by Penny A. Herbert & Teressa Hwang; Publisher: San Francisco : Chinese Materials Center Publications, ISBN: 0896446646

Xie Huisheng (1994)
Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine Volume I: Fundamental Principles

Yu Chuan (1995)
Traditional Chinese Veterinary Acupuncture and Moxibustion, 304 pages

Titles of other Vet AP textbooks are at:

(B) Vet AP Societies and Training Courses:

1. IVAS (International Veterinary Acupuncture Society, publishes a Newsletter and comprehensive Course Notes (available only to vets who take the IVAS Course).

2. National Veterinary Acupuncture Societies exist throughout the developed world. They run local training courses and some have newsletters. See contact details at:

3. AAVMA (American Academy for Veterinary Medical Acupuncture):

4. Chi Institute (Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine, Florida):

(C) Professional Email Discussion Lists:

Professionals in Vet / Animal AP can exchange clinical experiences or seek help from peers on several email lists for AP / TCM professionals, including:

PVA-L (Professional Veterinary Acupuncture List, is a closed international discussion list for vets trained in acupuncture.

To join, email AND email your name, address, details of vet qualifications and details of acupuncture training to . Alternatively you can join PVA-L and register on IVAD (International Veterinary Acupuncture Directory) at trhe same time using the online form at:

(D) AP / TCM Journals:

Acupuncture, TCM & Herbal Journals Research Subject Index

(E) Free Online Databases:

PubMed Medline This is the world's best free resource on medicine & life sciences. It has >16 million titles, most with abstracts and some with free full-text.

PUBMED MEDLINE ABSTRACTS on Acupuncture, Moxa, LLLT, TENS & Related Therapies

1.0 All Animals

1.2 Horses, Cattle, Sheep, Goats, Pigs

1.3 Dogs & Cats

1.4 Primates

1.5 Guinea-Pigs, Rabbits, Rats, Mice, etc

(F) Online commercial databases [annual subscription needed]

CINTCM Traditional Chinese Medical Databases Online Search

Dialog & DataStar Scientific Abstracts Databases [Available to Subscribers only] [BBBPEP / UFBH13]

(G) WWW:

WWW has a wealth of information on human AP and Vet AP in English and other languages, including Chinese
[], Korean and Japanese.

Translation software [] can help to extract data from those sites.

For example, see Google hits for "veterinary acupuncture" OR "animal acupuncture" at and “acupuncture -animal -veterinary” at

Some of the best WWW data are at:

Veterinary Acupuncture Page

Online Study Material on AP & TCM in Humans & Animals

IVAS / Veterinary Acupuncture Crib Sheets
While attending the IVAS Acupuncture/TCM course, Janne Potter assembled study sheets [] as a study aid; to locate specific information, see Janne's Table of Contents and use her Search Page. See other study aids at Equine and Canine Point descriptions and charts, Printer Points, Crib #2 and Crib#3.


Those who want to study AP for use in animals can find huge amounts of free data on human AP and some data on animal AP online. They can complement their personal (home) study with formal study of human AP (via bona-fide AP Schools or Universities that offer full-time degree courses of AP or TCM) and animal AP (via IVAS or other bona-fide courses, as discussed in (B), above.

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