Chinese Medicine Times : Keeping You Informed

Chinese Medicine Times : Keeping You Informed

Author Guidelines

We welcome all article contributions. We are interested in diverse topics associated with Chinese medicine, such as; herbal medicine, acupuncture, gua sha, cupping, moxibustion, tuina, qi gong, tai chi, regulation, law, etc.

By submitting an article to Chinese Medicine Times, you agree to the following: The copyright of an article remains the property of the author. However, Chinese Medicine Times reserves the right to reformat the article into a digital product, which can be sold as a download or in any other way. No royalties will be paid to authors.

Please note that we cannot guarantee to accept any article for publication until we have read the final version. All articles are subjected to an editorial process, which involves a team of editors responding to you with any queries, comments, changes, etc.

Articles can be either posted to us on a disk or in a typed format or emailed as an attachment. We accept electronic articles in Word or Rich Text Format (RTF) format only.

Chinese texts should be referred to by their Pin Yin name and common English translation e.g. Su Wen (Plain Questions). We do not use a standard terminology for Chinese medicine.

We accept photographs, electronic images and material for scanning.

Acupuncture points should be referred to using their Pin Yin name and point number, e.g. Zusanli ST 36.

Herb names should start with the Pin Yin followed by the pharmaceutical name, e.g. Huang Qi (Radix Astragali), Mai Men Dong (Tuber Ophiopogonis Japonici), etc. We use Eastland Press's 'Materia Medica' for herb names.

Herbal prescriptions should give the Pin Yin name first followed by the English name used in Formulas and Strategies (Eastland Press), e.g. Wu Ling San (Five Ingredient Powder with Poria).

Style Sheet for References and Bibliographies

Citations in text

References should be given wherever possible for quotations, specific information referred to in the text, statistics, etc. We do not use a numbering system for references within the text. Instead, please follow these examples:

Example
There is evidence (Smith 1990, p23) that the statistical analysis is unsound.

If the author’s name forms part of the statement put the date and page number in brackets.

Example
Smith (1990, p23) cited evidence that the statistical analysis is unsound.
If there are two authors, the surnames of both separated by "and” should be given before the date.

Example
Smith and Jones (1990, p64) proved that the statistical analysis is unsound.
In the first citation of a work with three to five authors, give the surnames of all authors (order in which authors are given is that of the title page), separating the names of the authors with commas, the last comma followed by "and”.

Example
Smith, Jones and Jones (1990) made various claims that the statistical analysis was unsound.

Subsequent references should be in abbreviated form, the surname of the first author followed by et al.

Example
Smith et al. (1990) have provided a range of evidence to show that the statistical analysis is unsound.

For a work with six or more authors, give only the first author’s surname followed by et al.

When citing the work of one author found in the work of another you should acknowledge that you did not consult the original source;

Example
Supporting evidence appears in a study by Black (cited in Smith and Jones, 1990, p64).

"Cited in " indicates that the reference to Black’s study was found in Smith and Jones. Include only Smith and Jones in your list.

For articles in edited works cite under the name of the author(s) of the paper not under the name of the editor. For works published in the same year by the same author suffixes "a”, "b”, etc are added to the year. Both date and letter are used in citing the source. Remember to use the date and the letter when including the reference in your list at the end of the essay

Example
Smith (1990a, p23) has provided evidence that the statistical analysis is unsound.

To cite a website with a known author use only the name of the author followed by the year the page was last updated.

Example
The National Aids Manual (2001) suggests that abacavir may be taken more than twice a day.

When the author of a website is unknown or when citing a homepage give the web address (also known as the URL) of the site followed by the year the page was last updated.

Example
Over 6m people expressed an interest in UK nurse training in 1999 according to the English National Board http://www.enb.org.uk/ (2001).

Quotation marks are used to enclose direct quotations from speech and writing. Quotes of less than three lines can be included in the text.

Example
Smith (1990, p23) concluded that "there was a fundamental discrepancy in the original data”.

However quotes of more than three lines should be separated from the text and indented.

Reference Lists

Books

a) Printed books

Order of details:
Author. (Date of publication). Title. (Edition if not first edition). Place of publication: Publisher.

Example
Carpenito, L.J. (1999). Nursing care plans and documentation: nursing diagnoses and collaborative problems. (3rd ed). Philadelphia: Lippincott.

b) Electronic books
Order of details: Author. (Date of publication) Title. [online]. (Edition if not first edition). Place of publication: Publisher. Available from: URL. [Accessed date].

Example
Carpenito, L.J. (1999). Nursing care plans and documentation: nursing diagnoses and collaborative problems. [online]. (3rd ed). Philadelphia: Lippincott. Available from: http://gateway_di.ovid.com [Accessed 26th March 2001].

Articles in journals

a) Printed journal article
Order of details:
Author of article. (Date of publication). ‘Title of article’. Title of journal. Volume number, (Issue number if any), Page number(s).

Example
Swift, C.G. (2001) ‘Falls in late life and their consequences: implementing effective services’. B.M.J.. 322, (7290), p.855-857.

b) Electronic journal article
Order of details:
Author of article. (Date of publication). ‘Title of article’. Title of journal. [online]. Volume number, (Issue number if any). Available from: URL. [Accessed date]

Example
Swift, C.G. (2001) ‘Falls in late life and their consequences: implementing effective services’. B.M.J.. [online] 322, (7290). Available from: http://biomed.niss.ac.uk/ovidweb/ovidweb.cgi [Accessed 14 August 2001].

Newspaper Articles

a) Printed newspaper article
Order of details:
Name of author(s) if available. (Year of publication). ‘Title of article’. Name of newspaper. Day and month, Page number(s), (Column number).

Example
Norton-Taylor, R. (2001). ‘Amnesty attacks Britain on asylum’. Guardian. 31 May, p11, (1-2).

b) Electronic newspaper article
i) On the WWW
Order of details:
Name of author(s) if available. (Year of publication). ‘Title of article’. Name of newspaper. [online]. Day and month, Page number(s) if given. Available from: URL [Accessed date].

Example
Norton-Taylor, R. (2001). ‘Amnesty attacks Britain on asylum’. Guardian [online]. 31 May. Available from: http://www.guardian.co.uk/Archive/Article/0,4273,4195474,00.htm~top [Accessed 27th August 2001].

ii) On CD-Rom
Order of details:
Name of author(s) if available. (Year of publication). ‘Title of article’. Name of newspaper. [CD-ROM]. Day and month, Page number(s) (if given).

Example
Norton-Taylor, R. (2001). ‘Amnesty attacks Britain on asylum’. Guardian. [CD-ROM]. 31 May, p11.

Chapters in Books
Order of details:
Author of chapter. (Date of publication). ‘Title of chapter’. in Editor . Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher, Page numbers(s).

Example
Lloyd, L. (2001). ‘Social policy’. in J. Naidoo & J. Wills (eds). Health studies: an introduction. Basingstoke: Palgrave, p163-192.

Thesis
Order of details:
Author. (Date of publication). Title. Thesis details, University or Institution.

Example
Duke, K. (1999). Containing contradictions: the development of prison drugs policy in England since 1980. PhD, Middlesex University, School of Social Science.

Government Reports
a) Printed government report
Order of details:
Government Department. (Date of publication). Title of report. [Popular title]. Place of publication: Publisher (usually Stationery Office). Series details (if any).

Example
Department of Health. (2000). The NHS plan: a plan for investment, a plan for reform. London: Stationery Office. (Cm; 4818-1).

Electronic Government Report
Order of details:
Government Department. (Date of publication). Title of report. [Popular title]. [online]. Place of publication: Publisher. Series details (if any). Available from: URL [Accessed date].

Example
Department of Health. (2000). The NHS plan: a plan for investment, a plan for reform. [online]. London: Stationery Office. (Cm; 4818-1). Available from: http://www.doh.gov.uk/nhsplan/contents.htm [Accessed 26 August 2006].

Government Circulars

a) Printed government circular
Order of details:
Government Department. (Date of publication). Title of circular. Circular details. Place of publication: Publisher.

Example
Department of Health. (2001). Care Standards Act 2000: transition arrangements for the creation of the National Care Standards Commission. HSC 2001/011. London: Department of Health.

b) Electronic government circular
Order of details:
Government Department. (Date of publication). Title of circular. [online]. Circular details. Place of publication: Publisher. Available from: URL [Accessed date]

Example
Department of Health. (2001). Care Standards Act 2000: transition arrangements for the creation of the National Care Standards Commission. [online]. HSC 2006/011. London: Department of Health. Available from: http://tap.ccta.gov.uk/doh/coin4.nsf/Circulars?ReadForm [Accessed 25 August 2006].

Conference Proceedings
Order of details:
Title of conference: Conference details. Title of proceedings. Editor (s.). Place of publication. Publisher.

Example
Women, work and computerization: spinning a web from past to future: International Federation for Information Processing; Conference (6th: 1997). Proceedings of the 6th International IFIP conference. Edited by A.F.Grundy et al. Berlin: Springer.

Legal Material

Order of details:
Name of party v Name of party. Date of decision. Volume. Abbreviated name of report. Page number.

Example
Bolam v Friern Hospital Management Committee. 1957. 2. AllER. 118.

Videotape, Film or Broadcast Media
Order of details:
Director/Producer. (Date of publication). Title. Series. [Medium]. Place of publication: Publisher.

Example
Garden, G, (Director). (1996). What you really need to know about rheumatoid arthritis. [Video]. London: Video Arts Ltd for Videos for Patients Ltd.

Computer Software including CD-ROM

Order of details:
Writer, if identifiable individual with clear responsibility for intellectual content. (Date of publication). Title - this is the first element if the software is the co-operative work of many individuals underlined. [Medium]. Producer.

Example
Philpott-Howard, J. (1998). Infection control: training and policies for hospitals. [CD-ROM]. WB Saunders.
ADAM: interactive anatomy. (1997). [CD-ROM]. Adam Software Inc.

Electronic Resources – Discussion lists and Email

a) Discussion list
Order of details:
Author. (Date). Subject of message. Discussion list [online]. Available from: (List email address or web address). [Accessed date].

Example
Sandall, J. (24 May 2001). Free web-based virtual midwifery library. Midwifery-research. [online]. Available from: http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/midwifery-research.html [Accessed 5th July 2001].

Personal email
Order of details:
Sender. (Sender’s email address). (Day Month Year). Subject of message. Email to (Recipient’s email address).

Example
D’Alberto, A. (enquiries@attiliodalberto.com). (5th July 2006). Referencing for Chinese Medicine Times. Email to A. Example (a. example@example.co.uk).

Electronic Resources – Websites

• Note: You should not cite databases e.g. CINAHL, but you should cite any references you obtained from these databases and read as full text. These should be cited as e-journals.
• In this context, the term "publisher” means an organization responsible for maintaining the Internet site. If neither the place or the publisher can be ascertained then leave it out.
• The date of publication means the day the pages were last updated. This may appear at the end of the page. Alternatively, to find this out click on View menu, then Page Source to check last modification date. If no date can be determined write (No date).

a) Web document with or without author

i) With author
Order of details:
Author. (Date last updated). Title. [online]. Place of publication: Publisher. Available from: URL [Accessed date].

Example
National Aids Manual. (2001). Abacavir: overview. [online]. NAM Publications. Available from:
http://www.aidsmap.com/treatments/ixdata/english/E9CB29D7-AF00-443B-B8F6-DC916D131DB8.htm [Accessed 31 August 2001].

ii) Without author
Order of details:
Title. [Online]. (Date last updated). Place of publication: Publisher. Available from: URL [Accessed date].

Example
Legalisation (also Decriminalisation). [online]. (2000). Drugscope. Available from:
http://www.drugscope.org.uk/druginfo/drugsearch/ds_results.asp?file=wip1111legalisation.html [Accessed 9 August 2001].


Web homepage

Order of details:
Title of homepage. [Homepage of name of organization]. [online]. Date last updated. Available from: URL [Accessed date].

Example
ENB Link. [Homepage of English National Board for Nursing, Midwifery and Health.

Bibliographies

Books

Order of details:
Author (surname first). Title (italics), Edition details (if any), Series details (if any), Place of publication, publisher, date (all in one set of round brackets).

Examples
McDonald, Malcolm H.B. Marketing Plans, 2nd ed., (Oxford, Heinemann, 1989).
Peters, Thomas. In Search of Excellence, (New York, Harper & Row, 1989).

Articles in Journals

Order of details:
Author of article (surname first). Title of article (in single inverted commas), Title of journal (italics), Volume number, Issue Number, Date (in round brackets), Pages.

Example
Christie, Ian. ‘Research and development policy’, Policy Studies, 8, (1988), pp. 11-22.

Chapters in Books

Order of details:
Author of chapter (surname first). Title of chapter (in single inverted commas), Title of book (italics), Editor of book (forenames first), Place of publication, publisher, date (all in one set of round brackets), Pages.

Example
Kitsuse, James. ‘Social reaction to deviant behaviour’, Deviance: the interactionist perspective, Ed. E. Rubington (London, Macmillan, 1968), pp. 21-45.

Articles In Newspapers

Order of details:
Author of article (Forenames first). Title of article (in single inverted commas), Title of newspaper (italics), Date, Pages.

Example
Webster, Peter. ‘Big brewers will not be forced to sell off pubs’, The Times, 11 July 1989, p. 4.

Thesis

Order of details:
Author (surname first). Title (italics), Thesis details, (PhD, MLitt), University or Institution, Year.

Example
Bricke, Margaret. ‘Management and administration of Scotland 1707-1765’, PhD, University of Aberdeen, 1982.

Government Reports

Order of details:
Government Department. Title of report (italics), Publisher (usually HMSO), Series details (if any), Date.

Example
Treasury. Friendly Societies: a new perspective, HMSO, (Cm 919), 1990.

Conference Proceedings

Order of details:
Title of conference (italics). Place of conference, Date(s) of conference, Place of publication, publisher, date (all in one set of round brackets).

Example
International Conference on Parallel Processing. New York, 21-23 December 1987, (New York, Wiley, 1989).

Videotape and other non-printed materials

Order of details:
Director/Choreographer. Producer. Title (italics), Medium (in brackets), Principal Performer(s), Place of publication, publisher, date (all in one set of round brackets).

Example
Dir. John Wright. Prod. John Smith. Supporting students in flexible learning, (Video), (London, National Council for Educational Technology, 1991).

Computer software

Order of details:
Author (if known). Title (italics), Medium (in brackets), Place of publication, publisher, date (all in one set of round brackets).

Example
Norman England. (Computer Software), (London, Fernleaf Educational Software, 1986).

Electronic resources

Order of details:
Author (surname first). Title: part title of a document or article (single inverted commas) or full title of a document or journal title (italics), Volume, Issue number, Pages, File number (if applicable), Date of publication, creation or revision (in brackets/if different from the access date), Pages, Medium or similar identifying information, Protocol address, access path or directory,
Date of access or conversation (in brackets).

Examples
CD-ROM Disc
'Urbanisation in Britain 1780-1914', 31 March 1998, (Version B1.2), TLTP Modern History Tutorials, CDROM disc.

Electronic Journal
Foale, Alan. ‘The St. Trinian’s Cycle and British Film Comedy’, CLOSE UP: The Electronic Journal of British Cinema, Issue No.1, (Winter 1996-1997),
http://www.shu.ac.uk/services/lc/closeup/foale.htm, (19 June 2006).

Email
Jones, K. Re: Citing Chinese Medicine Times, Email to A. D’Alberto. enquiries@attiliodalberto.com, (17 Jun 2006).

Monographs
Azuela, Mariano. Underdogs, A Story of the Mexican Revolution, Translation of Los de Abajo, (First Release: Jun 1996), Etext No. 549, ID:556, Urbana, Illinois (USA): Project Gutenberg. ftp://ftp.mirror.ac.uk/sites/metalab.unc.edu/pub/docs/books/gutenberg/etext96/ndrdg10.txt, (09 August 2006).

Online Database
McCellan, Ray E. ‘One-Celled Creatures from the Black Lagoon’, Science and Children, Vol.11, No.5, (Jan/Feb 1974), pp.16-19, ERIC on OCLC, (04 July 2006).

Web Page
Slights, William W.E. Marginalia, World Wide Web, http://www.lights.com/~muri/pages2/contents/marginalia.html, (04 July 2006).